Turner thesis excerpts

Frederick Jackson Turner Frontier Thesis "The emergence of western history as an important field of scholarship can best be traced to the famous paper Frederick Jackson Turner delivered at a meeting of the American Historical Association in Turner stated his thesis simply. The settlement of the West by white people - "the existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward" - was the central story of American history.

Turner thesis excerpts

Stevens No matter how the settlement of the West is interpreted, one fact stands out above the rest: Yet, from the end of the Civil War to the closing of the frontier during the s, the U. The haunting comment of an anonymous Indian reveals our historic past: Among them was the late nineteenth century artist-illustrator Frederic Remington.

Bold masculine images of strength, courage, and perseverance dominate his work. The fact that these virtues of character were attributed mainly, if not entirely, to one side in the struggle was hardly unusual for the time.

A romantic vision of the frontier as pristine wilderness was an established tradition in American art. As the frontier moved westward, their vision moved with it. The panoramic paintings of Albert Bierstadt, whose work extended over several decades, combined romanticism with a realistic attention to geographic detail in his compositions.

George Catlin produced a series of works depicting hunting and village life on the Plains, while Karl Bodmer executed detailed portraits of members of various tribes. By the end of the Civil War, very little of the Turner thesis excerpts remained uncharted. As two great railways laid their tracks toward a famous junction in northern Utah, the great tribes of the Plains were still hanging on to their way of life tenaciously.

But, as art historian Robert Hughes points out, the reality the artist presented here was a lie.

Turner thesis excerpts

The blame for the ecocide is put on the Indians themselves. Based on the findings of the Census, its superintendent issued this report: Up to and including the country had a frontier of settlement, but at present the unsettled area has been so broken into by isolated bodies of settlement that there can hardly be said to be a frontier line.

In the discussion of its extent, its westward movement, etc. Speaking before an assembly of historians in Chicago inTurner presented his thesis about the meaning of the frontier in American history. American social development has been continually beginning over again on the frontier.

This perennial rebirth, this fluidity of American life, this expansion westward with its new opportunities, its continuous touch with the simplicity of primitive society, furnish the forces dominating American character.

Pierson, asserts that mobility, not the continual movement of the frontier, explains the American character. Hence mobility has continued to serve as a safety valve. He went west again in to try, and fail, at sheep ranching in Kansas.

His third trip west in proved decisive to his career: Following his return to the East, he sold virtually all of his sketches to Outing. Urban Americans were not interested in the social reality the West represented, and Remington was not dealing with social and economic forces as they existed in reality.

Rather, he presented a mythical conception of the frontier wherein all his subjects became characters in a cosmic drama.

Because his characters represent values, the setting is not important. And just what was at stake here? Remington never questioned the right of whites to possess the land. The trouble between the whites who were rapidly streaming through Indian territory and the Indians who were justifiably protecting their ancestral lands involved a number of misconceptions about the true nature of the Plains Indians.

The most popular one saw the Indian as a Child of Nature. This was a pleasant conception for the white man, as it left no doubt as to his superiority while also nourishing his more humane and romantic feelings.

Is it the simple repetition of a subject bound to be found gripping? He was able to give their anxieties and insecurities meaning through the illustrations, paintings, and bronzes he so carefully crafted. Whether we realize it or not, he tells us things we do not always want to know.

Ballantine Books,2. Robert Hughes, American Visions:Frederick Jackson Turner was born on Nov. 14, , in Portage, Wis., a rural town populated by a variety of European immigrants.

In Turner's youth Portage was still visited by Indians living in . May 02,  · Turner's frontier thesis helped him become a professor at Harvard, the president of the American Historical Association, and the leading trainer of at least a generation of American historians.

"Turner's essay is the single most influential piece of writing in American history," John Mack Faragher wrote in Rereading Frederick Jackson Turner. The Closing of the Frontier - No frontier left in the country - Frederick Jackson Turner: The Frontier Thesis The Frontier had been a safety valve and had helped shape American National Character Fear that closed frontier would cause problems.

"The Significance of the Frontier in American History" is a seminal essay by the American historian Frederick Jackson Turner which advanced the Frontier Thesis of American history. "The Significance of the Frontier in annie dillard terwilliger bunts one essay American History" is a seminal essay by the American historian Frederick Jackson Turner which advanced Status: "Frederick Jackson Turner's frederick jackson turner frontier thesis excerpts Frontier Thesis and Its Critics" - Wilfred M.

frederick jackson turner. With these words, Frederick Jackson Turner laid the foundation for modern historical study of the American West and presented a "frontier thesis" that continues to influence historical thinking.

PBS - THE WEST - Frederick Jackson Turner