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The reader will find at the end of this article various titles of other articles which contain supplementary information on subjects connected with the Apostles. The name The word "Apostle", from the Greek apostello "to send forth", "to dispatch", has etymologically a very general sense.
Apostolos Apostle means one who is sent forth, dispatched--in other words, who is entrusted with a mission, rather, a foreign mission.
It has, however, a stronger sense than the word messenger, and means as much as a delegate. In the classical writers the word is not frequent. In the Greek version of the Old Testament it occurs once, in 1 Kings In the New Testamenton the contrary, it occurs, according to Bruder's Concordance, about eighty times, and denotes often not all the disciples of the Lord, but some of them specially called.
It is obvious that our Lord, who spoke an Aramaic dialect, gave to some of his disciples an Aramaic title, the Greek equivalent of which was "Apostle". It seems to us that there is no reasonable doubt about the Aramaic word being seliah, by which also the later Jewsand probably already the Jews before Christ, denoted "those who were despatched from the mother city by the rulers of the race on any foreign mission, especially such as were charged with collecting the tribute paid to the temple service" Lightfoot, "Galatians", London,p.
Various meanings It is at once evident that in a Christian sense, everyone who had received a mission from Godor Christ, to man could be called "Apostle".
In fact, however, it was reserved to those of the disciples who received this title from Christ. At the same time, like other honourable titles, it was occasionally applied to those who in some way realized the fundamental idea of the name.
The word also has various meanings. The name Apostle denotes principally one of the twelve disciples who, on a solemn occasion, were called by Christ to a special mission. In the Gospels, however, those disciples are often designated by the expressions of mathetai the disciples or dodeka the Twelve and, after the treason and death of Judaseven of hendeka the Eleven.
In the Synoptics the name Apostle occurs but seldom with this meaning; only once in Matthew and Mark. But in other books of the New Testamentchiefly in the Epistles of St. Paul and in the Acts, this use of the word is current.
Saul of Tarsusbeing miraculously converted, and called to preach the Gospel to the heathensclaimed with much insistency this title and its rights. In the Epistle to the Hebrews iii, 1 the name is applied even to Christ, in the original meaning of a delegate sent from God to preach revealed truth to the world.
The word Apostle has also in the New Testament a larger meaning, and denotes some inferior disciples who, under the direction of the Apostles, preached the Gospel, or contributed to its diffusion; thus Barnabas Acts We know not why the honourable name of Apostle is not given to such illustrious missionaries as Timothy, Titus, and others who would equally merit it.
There are some passages in which the extension of the word Apostle is doubtfulas Luke Even in an ironical meaning the word occurs 2 Corinthians There is but little to add on the use of the word in the old Christian literature.
The first and third meanings are the only ones which occur frequently, and even in the oldest literature the larger meaning is seldom found. Origin of the apostolate The Gospels point out how, from the beginning of his ministry, Jesus called to him some Jewsand by a very diligent instruction and formation made them his disciples.
After some time, in the Galilean ministry, he selected twelve whom, as Mark 3: The appointment of the twelve Apostles is given by the three Synoptic Gospels Mark 3: Only on the immediately connected events is there some difference between them. It seems almost needless to outline and disprove rationalistic views on this topic.
The holders of these views, at least some of them, contend that our Lord never appointed twelve Apostles, never thought of establishing disciples to help him in his ministry, and eventually to carry on his work. These opinions are only deductions from the rationalistic principles on the credibility of the Gospels, Christ's doctrine on the Kingdom of Heavenand the eschatology of the Gospels.
Here it may be sufficient to observe that the very clear testimony of the three synoptic Gospels constitutes a strong historical argument, representing, as it does, a very old and widely spread tradition that cannot be erroneous ; that the universally acknowledged authority of the Apostles, even in the most heated controversies, and from the first years after Christ's death for instance in the Jewish controversiesas we read in the oldest Epistles of St.
Paul and in the Acts, cannot be explained, or even be understood, unless we recognize some appointment of the Twelve by Jesus. Office and conditions of the apostolate Two of the synoptic Gospels add to their account of the appointment of the Twelve brief statements on their office:Wordle is a toy for generating “word clouds” from text that you provide.
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The Body of Christ is God's SPIRITUAL "military - police force" on planet Earth. I'll repeat this one more time from a little different perspective, because I've heard too many Christians believe that Satan is no longer allowed to interfere with them in any way, "Because Satan is a defeated foe" and Satan loves Christians who have a twisted comprehension of his de.