Nearly a third of Americans lived in poverty. A third of the country's homes had no running water, two-fifths lacked flushing toilets, and three-fifths lacked central heating. More than half of the nation's farm dwellings had no electricity. Most African Americans still lived in the South, where racial segregation in schools and public accommodations were still the law.
Aftermath of the war. At the end of the war, millions of people were dead and millions more homeless, the European economy had collapsed, and much of the European industrial infrastructure had been destroyed.
The Soviet Uniontoo, had been heavily affected. In response, inU.
United Kingdom[ edit ] By the end of the war, the economy of the United Kingdom was one of severe privation.
More than a quarter of its national wealth had been consumed. Lend-lease came just before its reserves were exhausted. In springthe Labour Party withdrew from the wartime coalition government, in an effort to oust Winston Churchillforcing a general election. Britain's war debt was described by some in the American administration as a "millstone round the neck of the British economy".
Although there were suggestions for an international conference to tackle the issue, in August the U. The abrupt withdrawal of American Lend-Lease support to Britain on 2 September dealt a severe blow to the plans of the new government.
It was only with the completion of the Anglo-American loan by the United States to Great Britain on 15 July that some measure of economic stability was restored. However, the loan was made primarily to support British overseas expenditure in the immediate post-war years and not to implement the Labour government's policies for domestic welfare reforms and the nationalisation of key industries.
Although the loan was agreed on reasonable terms, its conditions included what proved to be damaging fiscal conditions for Sterling. Fromthe UK introduced bread rationing which it never did during the war. The Soviet Union suffered enormous losses in the war against Germany. The Soviet population decreased by about 27 million during the war; of these, 8.
The 19 million non-combat deaths had a variety of causes: Others worked in labour battalions to rebuild infrastructure destroyed during the war.
Roughly a quarter of the Soviet Union's capital resources were destroyed, and industrial and agricultural output in fell far short of pre-war levels.
To help rebuild the country, the Soviet government obtained limited credits from Britain and Sweden; it refused assistance offered by the United States under the Marshall Plan.
Germany and former Nazi satellites made reparations to the Soviet Union. The reconstruction programme emphasised heavy industry to the detriment of agriculture and consumer goods.
Bysteel production was twice its level, but the production of many consumer goods and foodstuffs was lower than it had been in the late s. The Allies established the Far Eastern Commission and Allied Council for Japan to administer their occupation of that country while the establishment Allied Control Counciladministered occupied Germany.
In accordance with the Potsdam Conference agreements, the Soviet Union occupied and subsequently annexed the strategic island of Sakhalin.Lt. Lane died from shrapnel wounds when the th Evac. at Chu Lai was hit by rockets on June 8, From Canton, OH, she was a month short of her 26th birthday.
Poster showing number of women employed in the Home Front or defense services during the second World War. HISTORY ERAS • The First Americans • Colonial Era • American Revolution • Early National Period • Pre-Civil War Era • Slavery • Civil War • Reconstruction • Gilded Age • America Becomes a World Power • Progressive Era • World War I • s • Great Depression • World War II • Post-War Era • s • Vietnam War • • The .
Lawmakers in South Korea OK'd legislation Friday that would create a holiday to recognize the thousands of sex slaves, or "comfort women," used by the Japanese military during World War II. World War II may have started more than 75 years ago, but people still think about it a lot.
You cannot go online without seeing someone be compared to Hitler or the Nazis. Hollywood cannot churn out movies about it fast enough, and there are thousands of books to read on the subject. Even people. The Cold War After World War II, the United States clashed with the Soviet Union over such issues as the Soviet dominance over Eastern Europe, control of atomic weapons, and the Soviet blockade of Berlin.