Share via Email The government has been assuring us for many years that animal experiments are only sanctioned for high priority medical research, as a last resort. We were told that the trend was for fewer laboratory procedures using animals. Indeed, the government boasted that it was committed to big cuts in animal-based research through the development of replacement methods.
Those who support this legal practice say that it is for a good cause, implying that it is better to use animals than human beings for testing. But on the other side of the coin, critics are also pushing their reasons why the practice should not be continued, with animal suffering and ethical issues as their biggest concerns.
After all, it cannot be denied that the conditions of these test subjects are truly monotonous, unnatural and stressful, causing them to feel uncomfortable, suffer and even die.
Basically, whether this practice is good or bad really depends on who you are asking.
Oct 20, · The Basics. The NIH Clinical Trials and You website is a resource for people who want to learn more about clinical trials. What are my possible short-term benefits? What are my possible long-term benefits? What are my short-term risks, and side effects? Clinical research requires complex and rigorous testing in collaboration. 10 Pros and Cons of Animal Experimentation Millions of animals are being used for experiments in the US each year. which is why lab animals have been used for long-term research on cancer. 4. It uses animals that are identical to humans in some way. Indeed, animal experimentation offers some benefits, where medical treatments have . Research with nonhuman animals occupies a central and essential role in psychology and related fields. Both old and new discoveries from animal research continue to play key roles in advancing our understanding of human behavior.
To come up with a well-informed opinion, let us take a look at the pros and cons of animal experimentation. List of Pros of Animal Experimentation 1.
It contributes to cures and treatments that save human lives. Proponents claim that most medical breakthroughs in the last century were direct results of animal experimentation. For example, insulin was discovered through a test where dogs had their pancreases removed. The Anderson Cancer Center also associated the hepatitis B vaccine with tests that were conducted on chimpanzees.
Without these experimentations, these people say that thousands, if not millions, of hepatitis B and diabetic patients would have died each year.
It provides an ethical alternative solution to testing. It is widely believed that it is unethical to use humans for invasive experiments, especially when it could result in death.
Human lives should not be put at risks by letting them volunteer for testing medicines for potential toxicity or side effects, as well as for manipulating genes.
To prevent unfavorable consequences, animal testing is done to precede human trials. It allows researchers to study test subjects for an entire life span. Considering that human beings can live up to 80 years or more, scientists who are conducting tests would be dead before they can gather results.
On the other hand, laboratory animals, particularly rats, can only live for 2 to 3 years, which give researchers the opportunity to study the effects of treatments and genetic manipulation over an entire lifetime. In other cases, they can even continue to conduct experiments across several generations, which is why lab animals have been used for long-term research on cancer.
It uses animals that are identical to humans in some way. As you can see, people and animals are biologically similar, having the same set of organs, central nervous system and bloodstream, which is why both are affected by virtually the same health conditions and diseases.
Considering these facts, animals are being accepted as appropriate research subjects. It provides benefits to the animals themselves. If vaccines were not tested on animals, a lot of them could have died from diseases and health conditions, such as hepatitis, rabies, leukemia, anthrax, parvo, hip dysplasia, glaucoma, etc.
Aside from this, animal experimentation helped keep some endangered species from becoming extinct. This is the reason of the American Veterinary Medical Association to endorse this practice.
List of Cons of Animal Experimentation 1. It uses cruel and inhumane treatment. Generally, testing protocols are often painful to the animal test subjects, where they are deprived of food and water, force-fed, physically restrained in long periods, inflicted with pain and wounds to test for healing process effects and remedies, and even purposely killed as part of the process.
Some experiments also include the administration of lethal doses of certain chemicals to determine how much would kill animals.
It uses animals that make poor test subjects. This directly contradicts what proponents believe about the closeness of animals and humans in an anatomical and biological sense, as both have many cellular, metabolic and anatomical differences.
According to Thomas Hartung of the Johns Hopkins University, using rats to test for toxicity should not be accepted as reliable, as these animals are nowhere close to being 70 kilograms. This is further supported by the Archives of Toxicology study instating that the lack of direct comparison of human data versus that of a rat puts in question the usefulness of research data.
It risks completing a misleading research. Some products and medicines that have the potential to harm animals are actually useful to humans, such as the aspirin.
As you can see, the drug was almost shelved because it proved dangerous for animals, which could have lead to the difficulty of lowering the risk of organ rejection during transplants.Animal Experiments Animal experimentation by scientists can be cruel and unjust, but at the same time it can provide long term benefits for humanity.
Animals used in research and experiments have been going on for 2, years and keep is going strong. Sep 11, · What is the cost of genetic testing, and how long does it take to get the results?
Will health insurance cover the costs of genetic testing? What are the benefits of genetic testing? What are the risks and limitations of genetic testing?
What . It is the process of animal testing that is done under the guise of research to benefit humanity, but the applied research may have little or no concern to the animals involved. Up to million animals, from fish to chimpanzees, may be used every year for the purpose of animal research.
Over 25 million animals are used for experimentation in the U.S. every year.
Monkeys, rabbits, cats, ferrets, pigs, sheep and chimpanzees are just some of the animals used for biomedical experiments, science education, and product and cosmetics testing. Animal Research has brought about many medical benefits.
This page discusses a handful of examples where animal testing has been instrumental in the development of a medical treatment. Home Environment 16 Integral Pros and Cons of Animal Experimentation. 16 Integral Pros and Cons of Animal Experimentation they can continue to study across several generations.
This is why mice and rats have been used for long-term cancer research. 7. Animals are protected from abuse and mistreatment Protocols in animal testing are.