Legislative history

How a Bill Becomes a Law The Federal Legislative Process "Legislative history" refers to the background and events leading to the enactment of a statute, including hearings, committee reports, and floor debates. Legislative history can be used to aid in interpreting the statute Black's Law Dictionary. A Bill is Introduced in Congress The federal legislative process typically begins with introduction of a bill in the House of Representatives or the Senate.

Legislative history

North Dakota Legislative Assembly Then The Legislative Assembly Structural variations in the Legislative Assembly accompanied development in the state. Salient areas of fluctuation included district representation, committee organization, and legislative processes.

The number of legislative districts in North Dakota grew from 31 in to 49 inwhile the number of senators from each district remained constant at one and the number Legislative history representatives in each district varied from two to four in to one to five in Currently, 47 legislative districts elect one senator and two representatives each.

In the Legislative Assembly counted 36 standing committees in the Legislative history of Representatives and 35 in the Senate Some of the standing committees named in the Senate and House journals now exist as procedural committees.

By Legislative Assembly standing committee organization was very similar to what it is now. Procedurally much remained the same from early sessions of the Legislative Assembly to sessions of recent times--but with slight variations.

The Federal Legislative Process

For example, most of the Senate and House orders of business currently in place existed at the beginning of statehood. However, in consideration of messages from the Territorial Council and a final "third reading" of bills and resolutions were present, but dedicated conference committee orders were not.

The orders of business even more closely resembled those of today, but they Legislative history did not specify questions of personal privilege, procedural or divided committee reports, or consideration of bills and resolutions on the consent calendar. Legislative Staff Alongside Legislative Assembly structural changes were shifts in the legislative branch's employment of session employees and permanent staff.

The House and Senate journals listed less than 30 Legislative Assembly employees; and although the Legislative Assembly later renamed some employment positions and consolidated others, the roles of secretary and assistant secretary of the Senate, chief clerk and assistant chief clerk of the House, sergeant-at-arms, assistant sergeant-at-arms, bill clerk, judiciary clerk, enrolling and engrossing clerk, messenger, official stenographer, postmaster, doorkeeper, chaplain, and watchman continued.

Legislative history

By the Legislative Assembly staff had grown to over 80 employees with an increased number of stenographers, doorkeepers, committee clerks, and mailing clerks and added jobs for desk reporters, proofreaders, bill room clerks, pages, chart room clerks, a cloakroom attendant, telephone operators, committee room attendants, and a calendar clerk.

In the count of Legislative Assembly session employees remained similar to what it was in at approximately 80 staff members. Differences from included the absence of positions such as the chart room and cloakroom employees; the addition of deputy sergeants-at-arms, administrative and staff assistants for legislative leaders, recording clerks, parking lot attendants, information kiosk attendants, and a supply room attendant; and an increased number of assistant sergeants-at-arms and committee clerks.

Further legislative branch workforce modification occurred with the addition of a full-time legislative staff known as the Legislative Council. In no permanent legislative staff existed.

By the Legislative Research Committee, in its sixth year, employed a permanent research director. In the Legislative Council had 34 FTE positions to support the Legislative Assembly on a full-time basis through administrative, legal, fiscal, office, information technology, and library and records services.

The LRC had a slow beginning during the first interim of its existence because, as reported in the first biennial report, the prevailing war conditions prevented the employment of a research director until April After the hiring of a research director, the first LRC held monthly meetings prior to the legislative session and recommended a number of bills to that session.

Even though the legislation creating the LRC permitted the appointment of subcommittees, all of the interim work was performed by the 11 statutory members until the interim, when other legislators participated in studies. Although "research" was its middle name, in its early years the LRC served primarily as a screening agency for proposed legislation submitted by state departments and organizations.

This screening role is evidenced by the fact that as early asthe LRC presented proposals prepared or sponsored by the committee which the biennial report indicated were not all necessarily endorsed by the committee and included were several alternative or conflicting proposals.

The name of the LRC was changed to the Legislative Council in to more accurately reflect the scope of its duties. Since Legislative Council refers specifically to the staff functioning as the legislative service agency while Legislative Management refers to the oversight committee of legislators.

Although research is still an integral part of the functioning of the Legislative Council, it has become a comprehensive legislative service agency with various duties in addition to research.

The Legislative Council staff consists of attorneys, accountants, researchers, and auxiliary personnel who are hired and who serve on a strictly nonpartisan basis.Legislative history is a term that refers to the documents that are produced by Congress as a bill is introduced, studied and debated.

These legislative documents are often used by attorneys and courts in an attempt to determine Congressional intent or to clarify vague or ambiguous statutory language. LRL Home - Legislation - Legislative History and Intent.

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Guide to Researching Legislative History and Intent. The staff of the Legislative Reference Library can guide you through the process of looking for legislative intent and assist you in obtaining useful materials.

Legislative history is used for discovering sources of information about a legislature's intent in enacting a law, although jurists disagree widely about the extent (if any) to which a statute's legislative history has bearing on the meaning of its text.

Legislative history

Legislative History & Intent (Jan Raymond)—this commercial service also offers additional guides to searching for California legislative intent material Legislative Intent Service —Be sure to browse the website for useful resources and guides.

Legislative history is used for discovering sources of information about a legislature's intent in enacting a law, although jurists disagree widely about the extent (if any) to which a statute's legislative history has bearing on the meaning of its text.

LIS locates legislative history documentation that enables you to understand existing law and the cause or circumstances leading to its enactment or amendment. LIS has the largest private collection of legislative history materials in the United States.

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