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Chinese Australian families and the legacies of colonial naturalisation Sophie Couchman: Sophie spoke about the disconnect between World War I enlistment regulations and practice in relation to Chinese Australians, while Emma spoke about press reports of marital denaturalisation in Australian newspapers from the s to s.
Abstract In the Australian colonies came together to implement uniform laws to restrict Chinese immigration, leading eventually to the enactment of the Immigration Restriction Act after Federation in Alongside immigration restriction, after four Australian colonies also prohibited Chinese naturalisation, by law in New South Wales and by policy in Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia.
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The federal Naturalisation Act of similarly prohibited Chinese naturalisation. Before these restrictions were introduced, however, thousands of Chinese men in Australia became British subjects through naturalisation, nearly in New South Wales alone. In this paper I consider the legacies of colonial naturalisation in the lives of Chinese migrants and their families in the s and after Federation, particularly concerning mobility and residency rights.
I argue that it is through the stories of individual lives, revealed in the press and in government case files, that we can best understand the ways that naturalised Chinese Australians and their children contested discrimination and asserted their rights as citizens.
Fourteen-year-old Matilda, together with her three younger siblings aged thirteen, ten and eight, were travelling to the small town of Gerogery, Grandparents rights thesis of Albury, to visit their married sister Rose. On arriving by train at Albury, however, the Ah Ket children were prevented from crossing the border by the Sub-Collector of Customs.
Because they did not hold naturalisation papers. The Sub-Collector was unconvinced, and so sent them back home to Victoria by the same train.
It has been determined that for the peace and prosperity of the colony, Chinese immigration shall be restricted. But here were no aliens, but the most peaceful and defenceless of Australians — of like speech, education, religion and affections.
This Act, and others introduced around the Australasian colonies, were the result of growing concerns over Chinese immigration. Educated at Melbourne University and admitted to the bar inAh Ket had a distinguished legal career in which he actively campaigned for the rights of Chinese in Australia.
He appeared before the High Court, represented Australian Chinese at the opening of the first Chinese parliament in Peking inand was Acting Consul for China in Australia in — and He was also a husband and father to two daughters and two sons.
This paper considers nationality, naturalisation and colonial mobility through the lens of Chinese Australian families like the Ah Kets.
Yet, the fact that they were turned back illustrates the ambiguity with which immigration restriction laws were applied to native-born and naturalised Chinese British subjects in Australia and New Zealand.
Prohibition of Chinese naturalisation formed part of the anti-Chinese policies introduced in four Australian colonies New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia from the s, and then in the Commonwealth of Australia from and the Dominion of New Zealand from Before these prohibitions, however, thousands of Chinese men in Australia and New Zealand became British subjects through naturalisation, nearly in New South Wales alone.
In this paper then I want to think about the legacies of this earlier history of colonial naturalisation in the lives of Chinese settlers and their families in the s and after Federation, particularly concerning mobility and residency rights.
I will argue that it is through the stories of individual lives, revealed in the press and in government case files, that we can best understand the ways that naturalised Chinese Australians and their children contested discrimination and asserted their rights as citizens.
Naturalisation and Chinese restriction The first anti-Chinese legislation was introduced in Australia in in Victoria, followed by a similar Act in South Australia in New South Wales then followed suit in With tonnage restrictions and a poll tax on each Chinese arrival, this legislation was effective in reducing the Chinese population in the colonies, and so, having served its purpose, it was repealed: Between then andthere was no restrictive legislation against Chinese immigration — except in Queensland, which introduced a Chinese Immigration Restriction Act in Inhowever, new and more consistent legislation was introduced across the colonies after the —81 intercolonial conferences.
This legislation was then tightened following the Intercolonial Conference on the Chinese Question in mid Laws varied slightly across the seven colonies, but they generally had tonnage restrictions and some a poll tax to limit the number of Chinese migrants.
They also included various exemptions, for residents and British subjects. Each colony exempted Chinese naturalised in that colony, while the NSW Act also explicitly exempted British subjects by birth.People with hearing loss can dream of a future when hearing aids might also serve as wireless loudspeakers, delivering clear, customized sound from inside their ears.
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