In her non-fiction, Rand developed a conception of metaphysical realism, rationality, ethical egoism rational self-interestindividual rights, laissez-faire capitalism, and art, and applied her philosophy to social issues. She wrote polemical, philosophical essays, often in response to questions by fans of Atlas Shrugged and The Fountainhead; lectured on college campuses; and gave radio and television interviews. In her own words, her philosophy, in essence, is the concept of man as a heroic being, with his own happiness as the moral purpose of his life, with productive achievement as his noblest activity, and reason as his only absolute. She developed some of her views in response to questions from her readers, but never took the time to defend them against possible objections or to reconcile them with the views expressed in her novels.
See Article History Alternative Title: Early life and career Her father, Zinovy Rosenbaum, was a prosperous pharmacist. After being tutored at home, Alissa Rosenbaum, the eldest of three children, was enrolled in a progressive school, where she excelled academically but was socially isolated.
As a student at Leningrad State Universityshe studied history and became acquainted with the works of Plato and Aristotle.
After graduating inshe enrolled in the State Institute for Cinematography, hoping to become a screenwriter. The arrival of a letter from cousins in Chicago gave her an opportunity to leave the country on the pretext of gaining expertise that she could apply in the Soviet film industry.
Upon her arrival in the United States inshe changed her name to Ayn Rand. After six months in Chicago she moved to Hollywood, where a fortuitous encounter with the producer Cecil B. DeMille led to work as a movie extra and eventually to a job as a screenwriter.
She became an American citizen in That year she also wrote Ideal, about a self-centred film star on the run from the lawfirst as a novel and then as a play. However, she shelved both versions. The play was not produced untiland the novel was not published until Her first published novel, We the Livingwas a romantic tragedy in which Soviet totalitarianism epitomized the inherent evils of collectivismwhich she understood as the subordination of individual interests to those of the state.
Rand spent more than seven years working on her first major work, The Fountainheadthe story of a handsome architectural genius whose individualism and integrity are evinced in his principled dedication to his own happiness.
The hero, Howard Roarkblows up a public housing project he had designed after it is altered against his wishes by government bureaucrats.
The jury votes unanimously to acquit him. Despite generally bad reviews, the book attracted readers through word of mouth and eventually became a best seller. Rand sold it to Warner Brothers studio and wrote the screenplay for the film, which was released in In she began sketches for her next novel, Atlas Shrugged ; film part 1,part 2,part 3,which is generally considered her masterpiece.
The book depicts a future United States on the verge of economic collapse after years of collectivist misrule, under which productive and creative citizens primarily industrialists, scientists, and artists have been exploited to benefit an undeserving population of moochers and incompetents.
It was especially well received by business leaders, many of whom were impressed by its moral justification of capitalism and delighted to think of their occupations as noble and virtuous.
The Collective and the Nathaniel Branden Institute In Rand agreed to meet a young admirer, Nathan Blumenthal, on the basis of his several articulate fan letters.
Despite its outward appearance as an educational institution, NBI did not permit its students to think critically about objectivism or to develop objectivist ideas in novel ways.
Through the success of NBI, Branden would eventually become the public guardian of objectivist orthodoxy against innovation or unauthorized borrowing by objectivist sympathizers, especially among the growing student right.
She was invited to speak at numerous colleges and universities and was interviewed on television talk shows and on the news program 60 Minutes.
Growing into her role as a public intellectual, she published her first work of nonfiction, For the New Intellectual, largely a collection of philosophical passages from her fiction, in The Virtue of Selfishness and Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal were drawn mostly from lectures and newsletter articles.
Accusing him of betraying objectivist principles, she stripped him of his partnership in The Objectivist and demanded that he surrender control of NBI, which was soon dissolved.
She was especially incensed at the use of objectivist vocabulary by young libertarians, whom she accused of disregarding morality and flirting with anarchism.Bowes and Church's Food Values of Portions Commonly Used, Text and CD-ROM Package, Jean A.
Pennington, Judith S. Spungen As You Like It (the New Hudson Shakespeare), William Shakespeare Sndwich Gigante, Lynn George . książka: Essays on Ayn Rand's We the Living Robert Mayhew. + free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day?
Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. Ayn Rand (–) was a novelist-philosopher who outlined a comprehensive philosophy, including an epistemology and a theory of art, in her novels and essays.
Early in her career she also wrote short stories, plays, and screenplays. Rand’s first and most autobiographical novel, We the Living (), set in the Soviet Union.
Ayn Rand was a famous Russian-American novelist, philosopher and screenwriter. She was born as Alisa Zinov'yevna Rosenbaum in Saint Petersburg in early . Essay about Ayn Rand's We the Living - Ayn Rand and We the Living "We the Living is not a story about Soviet Russia in It is a story about Dictatorship, any dictatorship, anywhere, at any time, whether it be Soviet Russia, Nazi Germany, or - which this novel might do its share in helping to prevent - a socialist America.".