He is wounded in the knee, is in love with Catherine Barkley, lives with her, gets her pregnant, but in the end, loses both his son and Catherine. Climax The climax occurs in Caporetto where a retreat is forced on the Italian army. Henry tries to put up a brave and dogged fight but in the ensuing chaos, he is forced to desert his post. From now on, he becomes the hunted rather the hunter and has to live incognito.
Plot summary[ edit ] The novel is divided into five sections. In the first, Frederic Henry, an American paramedic serving in the Italian Armyis introduced to Catherine Barkley, an English nurse, by his good friend and roommate, Rinaldi, a surgeon.
Frederic is wounded in the knee by a mortar on the Italian Front and sent to a hospital in Milanwhere Catherine is also sent.
Frederic and Catherine gradually fall in love. After his knee heals, Frederic is diagnosed with jaundice but is soon kicked out of the hospital and sent back to the front after it is discovered he concealed alcohol.
By the time he is sent back, Catherine is three months pregnant.
In the third section, Frederic returns to his unit, and discovers morale has severely dropped. Not long afterwards, the Austro-Hungarians break through the Italian lines in the Battle of Caporettoand the Italians retreat.
Due to a slow and chaotic retreat, Frederic and his men go off trail and quickly get lost, and a frustrated Frederic kills a sergeant for insubordination. After catching up to the main retreat, Frederic is taken to a place by the "battle police," where officers are being interrogated and executed for the "treachery" that supposedly led to the Italian defeat.
However, after seeing and hearing that everyone interrogated has been killed, Frederic escapes by jumping into a river. He heads to Milan to find Catherine only to discover that she has been sent to Stresa.
In the fourth section, Catherine and Frederic reunite and spend some time in Stresa before Frederic learns he will soon be arrested.
He and Catherine then flee to neutral Switzerland in a rowboat given to him by a barkeep.
After interrogation by Swiss authorities, they are allowed to stay in Switzerland. In the final section, Frederic and Catherine live a quiet life in the mountains until she goes into labor.
After a long and painful birth, their son is stillborn. Catherine begins to hemorrhage and soon dies, leaving Frederic to return to their hotel in the rain. The inspiration for Catherine Barkley was Agnes von Kurowskya nurse who cared for Hemingway in a hospital in Milan after he had been wounded.
He had planned to marry her but she spurned his love when he returned to America. The unnamed priest was based on Don Giuseppe Bianchi, the priest of the 69th and 70th regiments of the Brigata Ancona.
Although the sources for Rinaldi are unknown, the character had already appeared in In Our Time. Much of the plot was written in correspondence with Frederic J.
The book was published in September with a first edition print-run of approximately 31, copies. The newly published edition presents an appendix with the many alternate endings Hemingway wrote for the novel in addition to pieces from early draft manuscripts. The poem Portrait of a Lady by T.
Eliot also starts off by quoting this Marlowe work: One of these copies was presented to Maurice Coindreau ; the other, to James Joyce. Also, the novel could not be published in Italy until because the Fascist regime considered it detrimental to the honor of the Armed Forcesboth in its description of the Battle of Caporettoand for a certain anti-militarism implied in the work.
More than one biographer suggests that at the base of the censorship of the Fascist regime in the novel there had also been a personal antipathy between the writer and Benito Mussolini. Hemingway had interviewed him inshortly after he seized power, and in his article in the Toronto Star he poured scorn on Mussolini, calling him "the biggest bluff in Europe.
Hemingway described Mussolini as trying to impress the media by pretending to be deeply absorbed in reading, while in reality holding a French-English dictionary—held upside down.May 09, · A Farewell To Arms SHORT SUMMARY SYNOPSIS MOOD THEMES by Ernest Hemingway Cliff Notes™, Cliffs Notes™, Cliffnotes™, Cliffsnotes™ are trademarked properties of the John Wiley Publishing Company.
A Farewell to Arms is a novel by Ernest Hemingway that was first published in As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.
Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Considered one of the greatest American novelists of the 20th century, Ernest Hemingway composed many classic works, including The Sun Also Rises, For Whom the Bell Tolls, and A Farewell to Arms, earning the Nobel Prize in Literature for his efforts.
Study guide and review for Advanced Placement United States History for the student serious about doing well in the course. It serves as a great resource either while going through the course, or at the end of the course as a review before the AP exam. In this lesson, we will briefly examine the life of Ernest Hemingway and his writing accomplishments.
We will then summarize his novel, 'A Farewell to Arms,' and focus on its major themes.