Religious festivals were accompanied by miracle plays, processions, and feasting; secular occasions and the annual fair presented the ideal opportunity for bawdy merry-making and sports and games which included archery, bowling, dice, hammer-throwing, quarter-staff contests, quoits, skittles and wrestling.
People Peasants, Serfs and Farmers Peasants were the poorest people in the medieval era and lived primarily in the country or small villages. Serfs were the poorest of the peasant class, and were a type of slave.
Lords owned the serfs who lived on their lands. In exchange for a place to live, serfs worked the land to grow crops for themselves and their lord. In addition, serfs were expected to work the farms for the lord and pay rent.
Categorization of a group of people according to ability or status. A member of the lowest feudal class, attached to the land owned by a lord and required to perform labor in return for certain legal or customary rights.
Everyday peasants could be educated and marry if they could afford it.
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|The Medieval Era||Across the board, from the wealthy to the poor, there were common pastimes even some that overlapped and allowed the classes to enjoy time together. Frequently the entertainment would be held in the common area of the castle or town, allowing all to gather to enjoy some time away from the grind of their daily lives.|
Serfs, however, could do neither and were not permitted to relocate with out the lord's approval. Farmers were a bit better off than peasants, as some owned their own farms.
Most worked the farm lands themselves or with the aid of peasants and serfs. Farmers and peasants lived in simple dwellings called cottages. They built their own homes from wood and the roofs were thatched made of bundles of reeds that have to be replaced periodically.
The interior walls were generally made of wattle and daub - an arrangement of twigs weaved into a wall shape and coated with mud and straw to make a hard, plaster-like surface to keep out drafts.
Often farmers, peasants and serfs brought their animals into their homes to protect them. Tradesmen Carpenters were highly skilled and considered to be elite tradesmen.
To become a carpenter, it was usually necessary to join a guild as an apprentice and learn the craft. A knowledge of math, woodworking and the use of tools was required for all carpenters.
King and nobles often sought the finest carpenters and kept them retained on their staffs as specialists. Furnishing castles and estates was not only done for decorative purposes, but also to demonstrate prestige and status to visitors.
Thus, a master carpenter was always in demand and could earn high wages. The metalsmith, sometimes called blacksmith, had to first make his tools before he could make metal parts such as horseshoes, nails and door hinges. The blacksmith would also work as an armorer for the king or count - making swords, shields and armor.
Civilizations of The Middle Ages The Roman Empire was in decline and being invaded by many tribes in the third, fourth and fifth centuries. These tribes waged battles and war to establish new territories and kingdoms, where the leaders were always heroes of battles for land.
New waves of invasions took place in the early ninth century by tribes not previously known to invade European lands. Below is a list of the eight key tribes of the period. Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians invaded England. This is the root of the term Anglo-Saxon, which is often used to describe English peoples.
Danes invaded England and settled in the northeast of the country. Goths, whom were called barbarians by the Romans, invaded Italy and Gaul. Hungarians occupied lands taken in the eastern Europe.
Normans were the descendants of Vikings and their western European colonies.
Vandals invaded Spain and Africa.Jewish people were given special treatment. In general Jewish people were tolerated, in return for a special tax.
The were only permitted to enter certain professions, but they were free to travel. Later in the medieval period, the treatment of Jews worsened, and persecution became more serious. The monotony of Medieval daily life during the Middle ages was alleviated by the various types of entertainment, festivals and holidays.
The Medieval people of the Middle Ages shared a common life in the work of the fields, in the sports of the village green, and in the services of the parish church. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
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