Definition and Outline Colonialism is not a modern phenomenon.
Began the first circumnavigation of the globe Hernando Cortez — Conquered the Aztecs in Mexico Francisco Pizarro — Conquered the Incas in Peru Hernando de Soto — Lawrence River to Montreal Samuel de Champlain — Columbus failed to reach Asia, landing instead on the Bahama Islands in He returned to the New World in and established the settlement of Santo Domingo as a base for further exploration.
Inthe Pope declared that all lands west of the Azores and the Cape Verde Islands belonged to Spain, but Portugal, another great sea power, disputed the papal decree. The two countries reached a compromise with the Treaty of Tordesillas inwhich divided all future discoveries between Castile a region of Spain and Portugal.
But while the Portuguese focused on navigation and geographical observation, the Spanish put their efforts into expedition and colonization.
After the Treaty of Tordesillas, Spain quickly established itself as the premier European power in the New World, sending wave after wave of explorers into South America. These Spanish expeditions, led by conquistadors, set out in search of gold, slaves, lucrative trade routes, and fame.
Indeed, they succeeded in creating an enormous empire. Conquistadors plundered the indigenous tribes for treasure and slave labor.
They established numerous encomiendas—sprawling estates populated with native slaves. Under Conquistador rule, many of the natives died from disease, malnutrition, and fatigue, and they were soon replaced on the encomiendas by African slaves brought in by Portuguese slave traders.
In North America, Spain initially proved just as dominant. InSpain established the first successful European settlement in North America—a fortress in St. Around the turn of the seventeenth century, Spanish settlers moved into the Southwest, establishing the colony of Santa Fe in In an effort to maintain control of North America, the Spanish attacked many British and French settlements and destroyed forts.
Spain saw its claim on Florida as particularly important in the effort to diminish English and French expansion southward. France France also played a strong role in the New World, though its efforts were mainly confined to North America.
The French led the charge to find a Northwest Passage, a much-hoped-for water route through which ships might be able to cross the Americas to access Asia. In three voyages between andFrench explorer Jacques Cartier traveled the St. Lawrence River as far as Montreal. InFrench settlers briefly and unsuccessfully attempted to settle in what is now South Carolina, and inthe Spanish attacked and destroyed a French settlement near Jacksonville, Florida.
Despite its failures, France continued to be a major player in North America. Most notably, the French engaged in the highly profitable fur trade, setting up trading outposts throughout Newfoundland, Maine, and regions farther west.
By the end of the seventeenth century the French controlled the St. Lawrence River, the Mississippi River, the Great Lakes and, therefore, much of the land in the heart of the continent. Of all the European colonial powers, the French enjoyed the best relationship with Native Americans. Inthe Dutch bought Manhattan island from the natives who lived there and established the settlement of New Amsterdam at the mouth of the Hudson River.
While the colony flourished on account of the fur trade, the Dutch did little to expand their landholdings beyond their domain around the Hudson.
AfterDutch influence waned.Oct 29, · Imperialism European Essay. The Age of Imperialism. Words | 3 Pages and social life of another country. Imperialism has many positive and negative effects.
The Age of Imperialism is considered - During this time Europe became a major world leader. European countries set up colonies all over Africa, . Get the latest news and analysis in the stock market today, including national and world stock market news, business news, financial news and more.
Body mass index (BMI) is calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared. Hazard ratios (HRs) were adjusted for attained age, cohort, year of birth, age at menarche, age at first birth, number of births, time since last birth, and family history of breast cancer.
This meta-analysis of 10 large trials assessed the associations of omega-3 fatty acid supplements with the risk of fatal and nonfatal coronary heart disease and. But the most extensive, most studied, and apparently the most damaging of the colonial actions is what scholars refer to as the Western Colonization, the efforts of the maritime European nations of Portugal, Spain, the Dutch Republic, France, England, and eventually Germany, Italy, and Belgium, to conquer the rest of the world.
This meta-analysis of 10 large trials assessed the associations of omega-3 fatty acid supplements with the risk of fatal and nonfatal coronary heart disease and.