Alternative views origin life different cultures

Beyond its certain presence in the " proto-writing " symbol systems, such as the Vinca script[39] which appeared during the Neolithic. As such it is a symbol of life, of the vivifying role of the supreme principle of the universe, the absolute Godin relation to the cosmic order. It represents the activity the Hellenic Logosthe Hindu Aumthe Chinese Taiyi"Great One" of the principle of the universe in the formation of the world.

Alternative views origin life different cultures

Theism sharply contrasts with pantheism, which identifies God with all that there is, and with various forms of monism, which regards all finite things as parts, modes, limitations, or appearances of some one ultimate Being, which is all that there is.

Some… Nature and significance Pantheism and panentheism can be explored by means of a three-way comparison with traditional or classical theism viewed from eight different standpoints—i.

Immanence or transcendence The poetic sense of the divine within and around human beings, which is widely expressed in religious life, is frequently treated in literature.

Expressions of the divine as intimate rather than as alien, as indwelling and near dwelling rather than remote, characterize pantheism and panentheism as contrasted Alternative views origin life different cultures classical theism.

Such immanence encourages the human sense of individual participation in the divine life without the necessity of mediation by any institution.

In addition, some theorists have seen an unseemliness about a point of view that allows the divine to be easily confronted and appropriated.

Classical theism has, in consequence, held to the transcendence of God, his existence over and beyond the universe. Recognizing, however, that if the separation between God and the world becomes too extreme, humanity risks the loss of communication with the divine, panentheism—unlike pantheism, which holds to the divine immanence—maintains that the divine can be both transcendent and immanent at the same time.

Monismdualismor pluralism Philosophies are monistic if they show a strong sense of the unity of the world, dualistic if they stress its twoness, and pluralistic if they stress its manyness.

One form of pantheism, present in the early stages of Greek philosophyheld that the divine is one of the elements in the world whose function is to animate the other elements that constitute the world.

Time or eternity Most, but not all, forms of pantheism understand the eternal God to be in intimate juxtaposition with the world, thus minimizing time or making it illusory. Panentheism, on the other hand, espouses a temporal—eternal God who stands in juxtaposition with a temporal world; thus, in panentheism, the temporality of the world is not cancelled out, and time retains its reality.

The world as sentient or insentient Every philosophy must take a stand somewhere on a spectrum running from a concept of things as unfeeling matter to one of things as psychic or sentient.

Materialism holds to the former extreme, and Panpsychism to the latter. Panpsychism offers a vision of reality in which to exist is to be in some measure sentient and to sustain social relations with other entities. Dualism, holding that reality consists of two fundamentally different kinds of entity, stands again between two extremes.

A few of the simpler forms of pantheism support materialism. Panentheism and most forms of pantheism, on the other hand, tend toward Panpsychism. But there are differences of degree, and though classical theism tends toward dualism, even there the insentient often has a tinge of panpsychism.

God as absolute or relative God is absolute insofar as he is eternal, cause, activity, creator; he is relative insofar as he is temporal, effect, passive having potentiality in his natureand affected by the world.

For pantheism and classical theism, God is absolute; and for many forms of pantheism, the world, since it is identical with God, is likewise absolute.

Alternative views origin life different cultures

For classical theism, since it envisages a separation between God and the world, God is absolute and the world relative. For panentheism, however, God is absolute and relative, cause and effectactual and potential, active and passive. The world as real or illusory Panentheism, classical theism, and many forms of pantheism hold the world to be part of the ultimate reality.

But for classical theism the world has a lesser degree of reality than God; and for some forms of pantheism, for which Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel coined the term acosmismthe world is unreal, an illusionand God alone is real.

Freedom or determinism In those forms of pantheism that envisage the eternal God literally encompassing the world, humanity is an utterly fated part of a world that is necessarily just as it is, and freedom is thus illusion.

To be sure, classical theism holds to human freedom, but it insists that this freedom is compatible with a divine omniscience that includes his knowledge of the total future. Thus, the question arises whether or not such freedom is illusory.

Panentheism, by insisting that future reality is indeterminate or open and that humanity and God, together, are in the process of determining what the future shall be, probably supports the doctrine of human freedom more completely than does any alternative point of view.

Sacramentalism or secularism Insofar as God is the indwelling principle of the world and of each human being, as in pantheism, so far do these take on a sacramental character; and insofar as God is separated from the world as in 18th-century Deismso far does it become secularneutral, or even fallen.

In contrast, classical theism, though basically sacramental, places this quality in an enclave, the church. Diverse views of the relation of God to the world On the basis of the preceding characteristics, seven forms of pantheism can be distinguished in addition to classical theism and panentheism: Hylozoistic pantheism The divine is immanent in, and is typically regarded as the basic element of, the world, providing the motivating force for movement and change.

The world remains a plurality of separate elements. Immanentistic pantheism God is a part of the world and immanent in it. Though only a part, however, his power extends throughout its totality. Absolutistic monistic pantheism God is absolute and identical with the world.

The world, although real, is therefore changeless.What is Mensa? Mensa was founded in England in by Roland Berrill, a barrister, and Dr. Lance Ware, a scientist and lawyer.

Alternative views origin life different cultures

They had the idea of forming a society for bright people, the only qualification for membership of which was a high IQ.

This resource addresses three major areas of cultural relevance in end-of-life care: cultural competency in clinical practice; advance directives; and pain management. Fideisms Judaism is the Semitic monotheistic fideist religion based on the Old Testament's ( BCE) rules for the worship of Yahweh by his chosen people, the children of Abraham's son Isaac (c BCE)..

Zoroastrianism is the Persian monotheistic fideist religion founded by Zarathustra (cc BCE) and which teaches that good must be chosen over evil in order to achieve salvation. Methods. The author performed a literature review and incorporated published literature, interviewed health care providers experienced in end-of-life care, and drew from her own clinical experience.

A. A1C A form of hemoglobin used to test blood sugars over a period of time.

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ABCs of Behavior An easy method for remembering the order of behavioral components: Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence.

The Origin of Philosophy: The Attributes of Mythic/ Mythopoeic Thought. The pioneering work on this subject was The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man, An Essay on Speculative Thought in the Ancient Near East by Henri Frankfort, H.A.

Frankfort, John A. Wilson, Thorkild Jacobsen, and William A. Irwin (University of Chicago Press, , -- also once issued by Penguin as Before Philosophy).

Human Knowledge: Foundations and Limits